Mexico is a country that signed the United Nation´s Declaration of the Rights of the Child that was established in 1959. Our Institution’s reason for being can be framed in this context, seeking to be a model promotor of children’s rights.
The child who lives in extreme poverty, with no access to education, suffers from hunger, is a victim of exploitation or child labor, who was abandoned, and does not have access to health services, etc.; is a child who has been deprived of his most elemental rights. It is an injustice that should be eradicated worldwide, and in essence it is our Institution’s reason for being.
Declaration of the Rights of the Child
The children will enjoy all the rights manifested in this declaration.
These rights will be recognized for all the children without any exceptions, nor distinction or discrimination for motives of: race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinions or of any other type, national or social origin, economic position, birth or other condition, either of the child himself or of his family.
The child shall enjoy special protection and will have opportunities and services at his disposal, all dispensed by law ant by other means, so that he can develop: physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and socially in a normal and healthy manner, as well as with freedom and dignity.
When laws are enacted with this objective, the fundamental consideration will be the main interest of the child.
The child, from the moment of his birth, has the right to a name and a nationality.
The child should enjoy the benefits of social security. He will have the right to grow and develop in good health; with this objective he, together with his mother, should be provided with special care, including prenatal and postnatal care. The child shall have the right to enjoy food, housing, recreation and adequate medical services.
A child who is physically or mentally impaired or who suffers from some type of social impediment should receive treatment, education and the special care that his particular case requires.
A child, needs love and understanding for the full development of his personality. Whenever possible, he should grow under the protection and the responsibility of his parents; and in every case, within an environment of affect with moral and material security. Except for exceptional circumstances, the child should not be separated from his mother at a young age. Society and the public authorities shall have the obligation to especially care for the children who do not have a family or who lack adequate means of subsistence. It is convenient to obtain State or some other type of subsidies in order to maintain the children from families with numerous children.
A child has the right to receive a free education that is obligatory, at least during the elemental stages. He shall be given an education that favors his general culture and that shall permit him, under equal opportunity conditions, to develop his abilities and his individual judgement, his sense of moral and social responsibility; and to become a useful member of society.
The child´s main interest should be the principle that guides the ones who are responsible for his education and orientation; said responsibility, above all, concerns his parents.
A child should fully enjoy games and recreation, which should be oriented toward the objectives that are sought by education; society and the public authorities, who will strive to promote the enjoyment of this right.
A child should, under all circumstances, be among the first to receive protection and help.
A child should be protected against all forms of abandonment, cruelty and exploitation. He shall not be the object of any type of behavior. A child should not be permitted to work before a minimum adequate age; and in no case shall he be dedicated to nor shall he be permitted to dedicate himself to an occupation or any type of employment that could harm his health or his education or impair his physical, mental or moral development.
A child should be protected against the practices that could foment racial, religious, or any other type of discrimination. He should be educated with a spirit of comprehension, tolerance, friendship among peoples, peace and universal fraternity: and with a complete awareness that he should dedicate his energy and his aptitudes to the service of others.